American Oceans

The Terrifying Island of Dolls in Mexico That’s Straight Out of a Horror Film

dolls in trees on the island of dolls in mexico

Nestled in the canals of Xochimilco, not far from Mexico City, lies a small, enigmatic island known as the Island of the Dolls. It has captured the imaginations and curiosity of visitors around the world with its unusual decor: hundreds of dolls, many in various states of disrepair, that hang from trees and buildings. The island’s peculiar adornment is the result of the island’s caretaker, Don Julian Santana Barrera, who for decades collected and displayed dolls he found in the canals or received as gifts. Barrera believed the dolls helped to chase away the spirit of a girl who drowned there, and over time, the Island of the Dolls became a reflection of his efforts to appease what he perceived as restless spirits.

Today, the Island of the Dolls is both a somber and popular tourist attraction that draws visitors to its shores. Aside from its eerie atmosphere and a back-story that involves loss and superstition, the island sparks discussions on spiritual beliefs and paranormal claims. Tourists traveling to Xochimilco can take a trajinera—a traditional flat-bottomed boat—to the island, transforming what might be simply a sightseeing trip into a tangible experience of local lore and unique cultural practices. The island provides a stark contrast to typical tourist sites, presenting an opportunity for reflection on local customs, beliefs, and the human impulse to connect with the beyond.

Key Takeaways

  • The Island of the Dolls is a mysterious attraction near Mexico City, characterized by its many dolls.
  • It has a backstory linked to local lore and spiritual practices that continue to fascinate visitors.
  • This tourist spot offers a unique cultural experience through its history and local traditions.

History and Background

dolls hanging on a rope in a tree in mexico

The Island of Dolls, known as “Isla de las Muñecas” in Spanish, is a place shrouded in superstition and haunting beauty. Located within the canals of Xochimilco, near Mexico City, the island bears witness to a unique history that ties the eerie presence of countless dolls to one man’s story and the region’s cultural practices.

Julian Santana Barrera

Don Julian Santana Barrera was the caretaker of the island. He began hanging dolls on the island’s trees, believing they would ward off evil spirits. Santana Barrera found the dolls floating in the nearby canals, presumably discarded from family homes, and also traded for them from local residents. Despite his reclusive nature, Santana Barrera’s island soon became legend.

Origin of the Dolls

The origin of the dolls is intimately connected to a tragedy that Santana Barrera claimed to have witnessed: the drowning of a young girl in the chinampa, or artificial island, canals. He reportedly found a doll belonging to the girl and hung it to appease her spirit. Over the years, he continued to hang more dolls, many of which he found in the canal or were given to him, as a means to protect the island from haunting.

Cultural Significance

Isla de las Muñecas is steeped in the cultural context of the area, which dates back to the Aztecs and their intricate canal system and chinampas used for agriculture. The practice of hanging dolls, which is not traditionally Aztec, intertwined with local lore to form an enigmatic site that reflects Santana Barrera’s own beliefs and the evolving folklore among the neighboring communities. Visitors and family members often add their own dolls to the collection, further binding this peculiar site to a practice of communal and evolving cultural expression.

The Island Today

creepy dolls on an island in mexico

The Island of the Dolls remains a haunting yet intriguing attraction near Mexico City, enveloped by the scenic canals of Xochimilco, presenting a complex tapestry of history and folklore reflected in the myriad dolls in various states of disrepair.

Geographical Location

Situated in the channels of Xochimilco, a borough within Mexico City, the Island of the Dolls (Isla de las Muñecas) is actually a chinampa, which is a man-made island used for agriculture. It is part of the expansive Parque Ecológico de Xochimilco, a protected ecological and cultural area, accessed via the canals that have themselves been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Visiting the Island

Tourists can visit the Island as part of guided tours, usually by trajinera boats navigating the calm waters of Xochimilco’s canals. The journey to the Island is not only an excursion but a cultural experience, allowing visitors to glimpse into the unique traditions and natural beauty of the region.

Dolls’ Current State

The myriad dolls that give the Island its name hang from trees and buildings, markedly weathered by time and the elements. They exhibit varying degrees of disrepair, providing a thought-provoking sight for the island’s visitors. Despite their dilapidated condition, these dolls are a poignant part of the island’s mystique, embodying the local folklore and continuing to draw the curious from around the world.

Spiritual and Paranormal Aspects

island of dolls mexico

The Island of Dolls, known as “Isla de las Muñecas” in Spanish, holds a unique combination of spiritual beliefs and paranormal stories that attract both the culturally curious and those seeking a brush with the otherworldly.

Local Lore

The Isla de las Muñecas is steeped in local lore, centered around the spirit of a drowned girl said to inhabit the island. Legend has it that the island’s caretaker, Don Julian Santana, found the girl’s body and hung her doll on a tree as a sign of respect. Overwhelmed by what he perceived as her lingering spirit, he spent the next 50 years hanging more dolls in an effort to appease her restless soul.

Reported Hauntings

Visitors frequently report eerie experiences such as whispers at moonlight and dolls’ eyes following them, which contributes to the island’s reputation as haunted. Accounts of shadows moving in the corner of one’s eye and disembodied voices add to the myriad of paranormal claims that permeate the island’s chilling atmosphere.

Cultural Rituals

Cultural rituals reflect the island’s connection to spiritual and haunted elements. People often bring dolls to add to the collection, participating in an ongoing ritual that honours the island’s history and the ghosts said to dwell there. This act is more than just an offering; it is a significant gesture that ties visitors to the island’s ongoing narrative of mystery and respect for the past.

Note: The Island of Dolls is a well-known tourist attraction and is often visited during the day, but the essence of its lore is most palpable during the quieter hours of twilight and evening when the line between the physical and the spiritual seems to blur.

Environmental and Social Impact

a doll hanging in a hut on an island in mexico

The Island of Dolls, known as Isla de las Muñecas in Spanish, has become an eerie tourist attraction that interplays with both the local ecosystem and community. The presence of numerous dolls affects the region environmentally and socially, raising concerns and curiosity.

Effect on Local Ecosystem


  • The Island of Dolls is located within the Xochimilco area, renowned for its chinampas or floating gardens, a method of ancient agriculture. The area is a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to these unique ecological features.
  • The accumulation of trash and materials used for the dolls can potentially disrupt this sensitive ecosystem.

Influence on Local Community


  • Tourism derived from the Island’s peculiar charm has become a part of the local economy, drawing visitors from around the world to Xochimilco’s canals.


  • The story of the island’s caretaker, Don Julian Santana Barrera, locally known as Agustinita, has become urban legend, enhancing the cultural tapestry of the community but also commercializing local lore.
  • Locals have mixed feelings: while some appreciate the economic benefits, others are concerned about the island’s impact on the area’s reputation and traditional values.

Visitor Information

creepy mexican dolls on an island

Visitors interested in the offbeat attraction known as the Island of the Dolls can expect a unique experience. To fully appreciate this eerie locale, it’s important to plan the journey, be aware of the activities available, and heed some advice for a smooth visit.

How to Get There

To reach the Island of the Dolls, located south of Mexico City, one typically begins the trip at the Embarcadero. Guests can hire a trajinera—a type of brightly colored, flat-bottomed boat. The most common departure point is from the Embarcadero Cuemanco or Embarcadero Fernando Celada. A round trip journey can last several hours, and visitors should be prepared to pay a small fee for the private boat services. These can be arranged on-site or booked as part of an organized tour. For those using public transportation, riding the Metro to Tasqueña station and then taking transportation to the docks is the most cost-effective option.

Things to Do

Upon arrival, visitors can explore the small island filled with numerous dolls hanging from trees, an activity that some travelers find strangely compelling and which has earned the island a place in the Guinness World Records. The main activity on the island is a tour which details the island’s history and the story of the dolls. The tour guides provide narratives of the island’s origins and its connection to local legends, making the visit more insightful.

Tips for Tourists

  • Dress accordingly: As the trip to the island involves water travel, visitors should dress for comfort and potential splashes.
  • Respect the history: While the dolls may appear macabre, they are part of a local tradition and should be respected.
  • Photography: Tourists are welcome to take photos, but using a flash is discouraged to maintain the atmosphere.
  • Safety: Always stay within designated areas as the terrain can be uneven and treacherous in places.
  • Cash: Bring cash, as many of the local vendors and boat services do not accept credit cards.
  • Negotiate prices: Be prepared to negotiate the cost of the boat ride; prices can vary and are usually not set.

Frequently Asked Questions

The Island of the Dolls, or “Isla de las Muñecas,” is a unique and eerie attraction that has piqued the curiosity of visitors from around the world. These FAQs provide valuable insights into the island’s history, visitation information, and visitor guidelines.

What is the story behind the Island of the Dolls in Mexico?

The Island of the Dolls is famed for its numerous dolls hanging from trees and various structures. The island’s caretaker, Don Julian Santana Barrera, began collecting and displaying the dolls in memory of a young girl who tragically drowned nearby and was believed to haunt the island.

How can one visit the Island of the Dolls, and what are the transportation options?

Visitors can access the Island of the Dolls by taking a boat or “trajinera” from the Xochimilco canals, which are located in the southern part of Mexico City. The journey takes about two hours from the Embarcadero Cuemanco or the Embarcadero Fernando Celada.

Who was Don Julian Santana Barrera, and what is his connection to the Island of the Dolls?

Don Julian Santana Barrera was the caretaker and creator of the Island of the Dolls. He dedicated his life to transforming the island into a memorial for the deceased girl, using dolls to ward off her spirit and any evil that might visit the place.

What are the origins of the Island of the Dolls and its purpose?

Initially, the Island of the Dolls was not intended to become a tourist attraction. Its purpose evolved from Don Julian’s superstitious and solitary endeavor to honor the young girl’s spirit and consequently became a well-known location both for its unique history and its chilling atmosphere.

Is there any danger associated with visiting the Island of the Dolls?

The Island of the Dolls itself poses no specific danger to visitors. However, some people might find the environment unsettling due to the macabre display and the associated local legends of paranormal activity.

What are the costs involved in touring the Island of the Dolls?

The cost of visiting the Island of the Dolls includes the boat rental from the canals of Xochimilco, which can vary depending on the duration of the trip and the negotiating skills of the visitors. There may be an additional small entry fee upon arriving at the island.

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